The causes of hair loss are by no means insignificative, but medicine has been able to pinpoint some of them.
Why is the hair falling
Age. As you grow older, your hair becomes thinner, brittle and even a thinning of the hair is observed.
Stress. An important factor in hair loss is stress. The mechanism by which this effect occurs is the impairment of follicular vacillation, with reduced oxygen intake, nutrients and growth inhibition.
Diet. A poor diet can lead to deficiencies of certain nutrients (proteins, iron, zinc, vitamins), which lead to abnormalities of metabolism, but also to the hair follicle.
Pregnancy and childbirth. Due to the increase in the level of circulating estrogens during pregnancy, a strengthening of the hair follicles is noted. After birth (at about 3-4 months), due to the normalization of the hormone level, a transient hair fall can be observed.
Pollutant factors. Air, pollutants and minerals in the water, as well as solar phototoxic effects, all these induce skin aging and subsidiary destruction of some of the hair follicles.
Caring habits. “Ponytail”, hair plates, chemicals contained in fixatives, combing/excessive and brutal brushing, rough massage at the scalp, etc. contribute, by mechanical effect, to the deterioration of the cuticle and the breakage of hair.
Trichotillomania. This is a compulsive habit of pulling the hair.
Seasonal changes. Transitional fall from the end of August-November, reversible, due to the slowing of the growth process.
Medication. Cardio-vascular, dyslipidemic, anti-diabetic, contraceptive, hormone replacement, chemotherapy, corticosteroids, anti-acne, anticoagulant, allopurinol, etc.
Thyroid pathology (hypo/hyperthyroidism). Thyroid hormones are metabolized and involved in the processes of most tissues in the body, including the hair follicle. As a consequence, the excess becomes harmful and leads to thinning of the hair. The hormones excess or deficiency are associated with important systemic manifestations and a characteristic localization pattern; other pathologies involved: diabetes, renal failure, liver failure, skin neoplasms
Types of therapies
1. Mesotherapy of the scalp
Regardless of the cause, the first step towards healing is a correct diagnosis. There is a special device which takes a series of detailed photographs of the hair, revealing the anatomical substrate problems. If we talk about treatments, we can remember mesotherapy or vampire therapy.
Mesotherapy is a non-surgical, minimally-invasive method that involves the direct administration of drug substances to the areas prone to hair loss.
A complex of pharmaceutical substances (vasodilators, vitamins, bioactive substances, etc.) adapted to each patient and to each form of alopecia, in particular, is injected intradermally into the affected areas.
Micro-bites are slightly painful, and drug substances gradually diffuse throughout the treated anatomical area. The needles used are extremely small in length (2-4 mm) and very thin. Also, 1 ml syringes are used so that the pressure at which the cocktail of substances is injected is not too high and causes no pain.
The number of sessions and the frequency with which they are performed are established by the dermatologist, in direct relation with the diagnosis and it is adapted according to the patient’s response to this procedure. On average, 5-7 sessions are recommended, carried out 7-14 days apart. It is a short-term (30-45 minutes) safe procedure, which does not require local anesthesia or other preparation from the patient. Adverse reactions are minimal and are most commonly associated with minimal discomfort at the bite site, which lasts 2-3 hours.
Mesotherapy is a new treatment method in the field of dermatological diseases that can have noticeable effects in all forms of hair loss and more, it can give results in cases where classical therapies have failed, or in combination with them in some cases.
2. PRP – a 100% natural method
Vampire therapy (PRP) is a medical procedure for skin rejuvenation, to restore skin structure. The method consists of collecting (venous) blood from the patient and processing it with the aid of a centrifugal device. Thus, by centrifugation, the red cells (erythrocytes) are separated from the plasma and practically, an autologous plasma rich in platelets is obtained. These platelets are cells that contain growth tissue and other repair factors which are normally released by the body to heal the damaged tissue.
By the method described above, we make an “artificial” concentrate using a special tube, which contains a gel separator layer, which allows only platelet plasma to remain available for extraction with the syringe. Growth factors are the physiological reservoir of the body that underlies the tissue repair processes.
The plasma obtained is re-injected into the selected areas (intraepidermal/intradermal) approximately 1cm distance, with full coverage of the area. The choice of a therapeutic option/treatment should be personalized for the most effective result, and this can only be done after a correct diagnosis of the type of alopecia.